10 May 2020
The importation process in a bureaucratic country like Brazil is not easy and generates several doubts. The ex-tariff regime, for example, although it has been in force for some time, is unknown to some or causes confusion about the requirements to enjoy this benefit and the advantages it can offer to companies, in addition to the reduction of costs in taxes.
The ex-tariff regime consists of a temporary reduction in the rate of capital goods import tax (BK), information technology and telecommunications (BIT), with the objective of encouraging importing companies to innovate and make them more competitive, contributing with the country's economic development. Currently, the products that fit this regime have their taxes reduced to 0% (zero). Outside of it, imports of capital goods have a 14% import tax and, computer and telecommunication goods, 16%.
Although there is the possibility of reducing the rate for any product produced in other countries, there is a restriction that there is no production in the national market, in addition to other criteria defined according to Ordinance ME NR 309/19.
To obtain the benefit, it is necessary to submit a request to the Secretariat for Development and Industrial Competitiveness (SDCI), of the Ministry of Development, Industry and Foreign Trade, and later, this will be analyzed by the Ex-Tariff Division and will be sent to the public consultation process, so that national companies producing the BK and / or BIT listed do not miss an opportunity to meet these demands, a way to protect the domestic market. The final result will be analyzed by the Executive Management Committee (GECEX) and released by CAMEX (Chamber of Foreign Trade).
According to Asia Shipping, the largest logistics integrator in Latin America, the ex-tariff has other benefits besides reducing costs for the importer. “This regime is not only to benefit importing companies, it was created to increase the competitiveness of Brazilian industries, encourage the growth of investment in companies' innovation, income generation and employment in the country and, of course, with lower production costs. , companies can sell their products at lower prices ”, he explains.
Article originally published in Mundo do Marketing.